Dismantling anti-Black racism

I want to learn more. Where do I start?

We’re often asked by White colleagues who want to become better allies where they can start. Here are a few suggestions and a short list of resources.  

1. Begin with your own research. 

We’ve included links and references to a wide range of articles, websites, videos, books and other media. We’ve heard from our Black colleagues that teaching White people about racism can leave them exhausted. Taking responsibility for your own learning helps ease that burden.  

Research is less about becoming knowledgeable and more about approaching relationship-building with a good mindset. It will help you understand your unconscious biases and cultivate the openness and humility you’ll need to act respectfully. 

2. Develop a “learning attitude”

Get ready to listen and reflect! Be prepared to hear challenging and difficult truths about other people’s experiences and yourself. Be aware of your own reaction to what you’re hearing and learn how to respond constructively. Are you feeling defensive or personally attacked? Understand that this is not easy work. 

3. Support Black-led initiatives

Consider spending less time inviting Black people to White-led events, projects and partnerships and spend more time going out to hear Black speakers, support demonstrations and community events, and explore the work of Black artists. 

Keep in mind that some events or spaces may give priority access to BIPOC people (Black and Indigenous people and people of colour). Please understand that organizers are either trying to create a safe space for people impacted by racism or ensuring that opportunities are available to those who need them most.

4. A few questions and concepts to take on the journey

What is my motivation for doing this? Who benefits?

How does my social location (race, gender, economic status, age, physical and mental health) affect how I see any given situation? How might that situation look different from another perspective?

Who is making decisions?

It's okay to make mistakes, it's part of learning something new

Black individuals are diverse, not everyone will have the same experiences, histories or opinions.

Don't assume you know. Ask.

“Nothing for us, without us”

BIPOC (Black, Indigenous and People of Colour)

Sometimes the focus of antiracist work is on Black and Indigenous people as opposed to other racialized groups. Racism is not monolithic and people of different identities will experience racism differently. Research has shown that Black and Indigenous people tend to be the racialized groups most impacted by food insecurity, poverty and police violence. 


Although there are structural differences in Canada and the US and racism manifests itself differently, there is still much to learn from our neighbours. We have included US resources as well.

Challenging white privilege and changing mindsets 

Robin Di Angelo offers a list of thoughts, feelings and behaviours that compare mainstream and anti-racist approaches. It’s a very useful tool for becoming aware of your own reactions and thought processes. 

Other articles from Robin Di Angelo: - an Indigenous website with relevant resources and definitions of terms

Barry DeutschCartoon by Barry Deutsch - lists of resources and blog posts from a collective of White activists 

Cultural humility is a way of working and living with others without assuming that your knowledge and culture is best. Some examples: Vivian Chavez on cultural humility


Kimberlé Crenshaw coined this term to refer to multiple dimensions of identity and how they can interact to deepen and complicate oppression.

A short description of intersectionality: and a longer TED talk:

A PDF with a definition and self-reflective questions:

Food justice 

Message from Leticia Deawuo, Director of Black Creek Community Farm and Chair of Seed Change

We don’t farm because it’s trendy; we farm as resistance, for healing and for sovereignty

Leah Penniman, author of Farming While Black and Co-Director of Soul Fire Farm 

Detroit has an abundance of inspiring thinkers and farmers including: Detroit Black Community Food Security NetworkD-Town Farm and Malik Yakini offers extensive online resources Food and Black history

Local sources 

Toronto City Council approved a Black Food Sovereignty Plan

See also the briefing note at

The Black Creek Food Justice Network issued Fighting for Food Justice in the Black Creek Community: Report, Analyses and Steps Forward.  The report includes existing initiatives (including "revolutionary gardens") and offers recommendations and food justice resources.

Black Creek Food Justice Network has also issued a statement about systemic racism in the not for profit food sector (PDF version here).

Toronto Board of Health recognizes anti-Black racism as a health crisis Board meeting minutes

The City of Toronto's Confronting Anti-Black Racism unit has resources, including a toolkit for creating equitable COVID-19 responses. CABR also partnered with the Ontario Council for Agencies Serving Immigrants on Toronto for All, a public education campaign

PROOF study on food insecurity shows Black Canadians and Indigenous people face almost three times the level of food insecurity as White Canadians (page 13)


Park People’s statement and resources on equity in public spaces - data reflecting the lived experience of Black people in the Greater Toronto Area

 COVID-19 is highlighting pre-existing gaps in policies to support and protect migrant farm workers

Taking Action

Black-owned businesses and restaurants to support

Black-run farms and food justice organizations in Toronto

Black Creek Community Farm

Afri-Can Food Basket + Black Food Toronto

Uplift Kitchen


Black Farmers Collective

Sundance Harvest

Zawadi Farms

SARN Farms

Ubuntu Community Farm

Deeper Roots Farm

Black Woman Agricultural Freedom

Callaloo Farm (McVean Farm in Brampton)

Deeply Rooted Farmers' Market  Sundays 9 am-2pm 455 Cosburn Ave.

Growing Tkaronto Floristry is a local specialty cut flower farm and florist that is proudly queer and BIPOC-owned and operated.

103 Things White People Can Do

Excerpt from Leah Penniman's Farming While Black on actions that people of European descent can take

Black-Indigenous solidarity



FoodShare's Black Women and Black Food Sovereignty panel with Leticia Deawuo, Cheyenne Sundance, Karen Washington and Dee Woods

Animated video on microagressions

Black Like Me, past, present and future: Behind the Stratford Festival Curtain Lots of tangible examples of the impact of racism are offered in the introduction.


Page updated on 2023-09-29 09:10:57